POST3Employing the analyses of several relevant Gothic texts, this essay will be divided into four main sections: Coming Out of the Coffin: Vampirism as Metaphor offers an overview of two symbols which vampirism has embodied over the centuries, which includes, but is obviously not limited to, homo-sexuality and the sexual woman         as monster.



Vamps & Tramps: Gender Disparities in Gothic Fiction focuses on the distinctions     between humans and vampires, both male and female, and the ways in which all four are presented to the reader/viewer. Disparities between the different representations are diverse and this section exposes the undertone of misogynistic bias found in many pieces of literature and critically acclaimed films, still found in recent media.



Seeing Double: Doppelgängers and     the New Woman gives examples of contemporary women taking over or otherwise destroying the archaic model of themselves and serves as com-       mentary on the burgeoning New Woman.




POST6Stake the Patriarchy: The Evolution of the Female in Literature and Film summarizes how the image of the woman has changed over the centuries as feminism has shifted society’s way of thinking and answers several important questions: Will Gothic fiction ever be able to move past depicting the woman as feeble victim in the faceof danger? Do we need our women sexualized, on some level, in order to accept them in more dominating roles? Is conventional beauty, white skin, and upper-middle class status a requirement of the heroine? And, finally, how do we keep from regressing into archaic modes of patriarchal thinking?






(5,600 words. PDF)

The Monstrous Feminine






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“Don’t be afraid to be afraid”: Fear and Family in L’Engle’s A WRINKLE IN TIME

For fans of:

Space travel


C. S. Lewis

f9afc864d26ebd17fdcf3251da8f6170.jpg    WrinkleInTime51.jpgA-Wrinkle-in-Time.jpg







Madeleine L’Engle’s now famous A Wrinkle in Time makes for one epic bedtime story that will capture the imaginations of both children and their parents. Originally published in 1962, the novel follows the Murry family of six: Mr. and Mrs. Murry and their four children—Meg, the oldest, and her three younger brothers, Charles Wallace and the two youngest, a set of twins. When the novel opens, we quickly learn that their town’s steamiest bit of hot gossip is the mysterious disappearance of the Murry patriarch, who only Mrs. Murry and the children seem to believe will return.

But the story really starts with the introduction of Calvin, a neighbor kid who helps Meg and Charles Wallace along their journey, and three shape-shifting beings from outer space: Mrs. Whatsit, Mrs. Who and Mrs. Which. When these aliens let slip that they not only know where to find Mr. Murry, but that it’s up to the kids to bring him back, Meg, Charles Wallace, and Calvin are whisked away to the distant planet of Camazotz.

With its identical houses and its citizens living scripted lives, Camazotz serves as an indirect reference to Communism.


“Camazotz is ONE mind. It’s IT. And that’s why everybody’s so happy and efficient.”

But happiness is not as apparent as fear. There is also the dreaded IT, a disembodied voice and enigma for much of the novel, that serves as the main antagonist of the book, with the lovely nickname The Happy Sadist.

There is also incredibly clear Christian symbolism and several direct references to God and Biblical scriptures. There is even a chapter titled after the character it introduces, known as the Man with Red Eyes who is able to read minds and is all-knowing—perhaps a strange amalgamation of both God and the Devil.

“Don’t be afraid to be afraid.”

With beautiful descriptions of outer space and planets both familiar and new, L’Engle weaves a lovely tale of family, friendship, and conquering your fears. A Wrinkle in Time is the perfect blend of fantasy, science-fiction, and kid’s lit. And now, 56 years later, it’s getting the first big production movie set for theaters in early March 2018 and starring Reese Witherspoon, Chris Pine, Oprah Winfrey, and Zach Galifianakis.

“Maybe if you aren’t unhappy sometimes you don’t know how to be happy.”

Keep scrolling for more reviews and, as always, happy reading 🙂

 – Brandie


For fans of:

The Salem Witch Trials

Black cats and crescent moons


Who better to be told a story about witchcraft than from someone who is a direct descendent of two women put on trial in the seventeenth century? Katherine Howe (author of Conversion, The House of Velvet and Glass, and others) is the author of The Physick Book of Deliverance Dane, a “shadow book” she finds in the summer of ‘91 in her grandmother’s abandoned house, which debuted at #2 on the New York Times Bestseller list.



The book itself is beautifully designed, from the front and inside covers to the font choice. Unlike some other books, Howe’s novel’s accurate design helps put the reader in the proper attitude. Set in Massachusetts during the height of the Salem Witch Trials, the story is told from dual perspectives in 1692 and 1991.

Connie, the protagonist, is a grad student and aspiring Harvard professor who knows a lot about Salem and witchcraft in general. When her mother, more in touch with the universe and reading auras than her own daughter’s life and emptions, leaves the mess of her mother’s (Connie’s grandmother) house to Connie to clean up, that’s when the story really begins. With rich and lavish descriptions of the house—the plants, the flowers, the herbs—Howe paints a wonderfully… ahem… magical picture.


A relationship with Sam, the town steeplejack, a nose-ringed, Doc Marten-wearing hipster with a knack for fixing things and a shared interest in Salem history, serves as a convenient alliance. Not only does he help stave off Connie’s loneliness, he has access to old town archives in the back of the church he works at.

The reader is right alongside Connie as she uncovers a secret name, a hidden key, old texts, manuscripts, and spell books, and will experience the same thrill as in a game of clue in which one must put two and two together. My biggest pet peeve is cheesy dialogue between Connie and her dog Arlo, in which she literally asks the dog questions, then pauses, as if expecting the mutt to answer her. Also, the character of Professor Manning Chilton felt like a caricature at times. But despite these few silly exchanges, it’s a good sign that a few lines of dialogue are the most I see wrong with this witchy tale.




Ultimately, the story is believable, down to the accurate dialogue in the flashbacks, and isn’t too difficult to read. Howe sets her scenes well—from the clothes, descriptions of the house, the outdoors, etcetera—weaving a mystical tale inspired by reality, which makes it all the more haunting.



Practical Magic by Alice Hoffman

The Witches of Eastwick by John Updike

The Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling

Happy reading 🙂




THE RUCKSACK REVOLUTION: Art imitates life in Kerouac’s Dharma Bums


The Beatniks


Run-on sentences

“I see a vision of a great rucksack revolution thousands or even millions of young Americans wandering around with rucksacks, going up to mountains to pray.”

As with Kerouac’s On the Road, the 1957 roman à clef that immortalizes his various travels with the inimitable, Roman-candle-in-human-form Neal Cassady in the character of Dean Moriarty, his 1958 novel The Dharma Bums does something similar for Gary Snyder with the character of Japhy Ryder.

Pulitzer Prize winning poet, essayist, and environmental activist, Snyder is the man who first introduced Kerouac to Buddism, a topic the novel discusses in relative detail. Talk of Nirvana, meditating dogs, and the dichotomy between city and country life casts these (sometimes fictionalized) events in Kerouac’s life in a more peaceable, less drug and alcohol-infused light than those of On the Road.



“The dogs meditated on their paws. We were all absolutely quiet. The entire moony countryside was frosty silent, not even the little tick of rabbits or coons anywhere. An absolute cold blessed silence.”

The protagonist, Ray Smith, an ill-disguised Kerouac, is a young freethinker bumming around from city to city, attending three-day parties and rambling about wherever the breeze blows him. Ryder, a tireless mountaineer and Zen master, is reminiscent of Cassady in that both Japhy and Dean spend the better part of each respective novel offering their infinite wisdom to the protagonist, molding and shaping Kerouac’s mind and writings.



Japhy’s enlightened Buddhist musings are at one time pretentious gibberish to the reader for whom Buddhist teachings are unfamiliar while also being mind-altering in a positive and reverential way for the true Kerouacian. Like a polished mirror, Kerouac’s words have highly powerful reflective properties that make this reader think about what she wants most out of life, her aspirations, travel plans, and beliefs about death and religion.

Kerouac was no stranger to waxing poetic about all of the above and it’s not difficult to see how he was a mind, body and soul that truly belonged in the time he was living. Along with his novellas and novels, Kerouac was a successful poet. His Book of Sketches of prose poetry makes a great coffee table or travel book and a student video inspired by his 66-part “Scripture of the Golden Eternity” is below.

“See the whole thing is a world full of rucksack wanderers, Dharma Bums refusing to subscribe to the general demand that they consume production and therefore have to work for the privilege of consuming…”

Happy reading!